It is usually believed that the "strong interaction" is a fundamental force although its fundamental equation has never been discovered, even after one century after the discovery of the electric Rutherford scattering. The best known formula of this mysterious force is that of Yukawa, a combination of an ersatz of Coulomb's law  and an exponential:

V(r)=-\frac{g^2}{4\pi} \frac{1}{r} e^{-\mu r}

It is attractive with 2 empirical parameters. The negative sign of the potential is wrong. The problem is that the nuclear physicists know from the electromagnetic interaction only what they call "Coulomb force", repulsive.

The real nuclear interaction is electromagnetic. The electric part was discovered by Rutherford. At high kinetic energy, the magnetic part overcomes the electric part, as shown on the graph below. They reject systematically my papers because they fear to be ridiculous. They ignore that there is also an attractive Coulomb force. The Poisson magnetic interaction is completely ignored: the nuclear interaction is entirely and only electromagnetic.

There are two proofs of the electromagnetic nature of the nuclear interaction:

1 - RUTHERFORD SCATTERING IS ELECTROMAGNETIC

The Rutherford scattering is well known to be electric. One century ago, Chadwick, the discoverer of the neutron, assumed a strong attractive force. Bieler assumed it to be magnetic, unfortunately also attractive. I assumed it to be also magnetic, but repulsive, as for the electric Rutherford scattering.

Indeed, it needs only to change, in the Rutherford formula, the electric exponent -2 by the magnetic -6. These numbers correspond to the electric, 1/r, and magnetic potentials 1/r³, whose exponents are multiplied by 2, due to scattering surface. One obtains straight lines, with slopes -2, for electric Rutherford scattering, and -6, for the so-called anomalous  scattering, discovered to be magnetic:

Log

 Attached, the paper rejected by the Royal Society: RSPA_Author_tex

Here is their arguments again my paper:

"In this article the author promotes his view of nuclear forces, which is that the Strong Force does not exist. The author's arguments lack credibility being simply classical arguments and fits, there is no fraction of the substance that would be required to seriously challenge one of the pillars of modern physics, i.e. the Standard Model" A PILLAR MAY CRUSH...

IN CONTRAST WITH THE ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY, THE STANDARD MODEL, HAVING NO FUNDAMENTAL LAWS, IS UNABLE TO CALCULATE  THE BINDING ENERGY OF EVEN A SIMPLE BOUND NUCLEUS AS 2H.



2 - BINDING ENERGY OF NUCLEI IS ELECTROMAGNETIC

The binding energies of nuclei can be calculated successfully, without fit, by the bare application of the electromagnetic theory. Indeed, there is an electric attraction between a proton and a not so neutral neutron equilibrated  by their magnetic repulsion, both ignored by mainstream nuclear physicists.

2H_4HeThis graph shows that the binding energy of  atomic nuclei can be calculated electromagnetically.

 A published paper shows the electromagnetic calculation of the simplest bound nucleus, the deuteron ²H:

 

The H and He isotopes have also been calculated electromagnetically:

H___He_isotopesWJNST_H___He

 3 - STABILITY VALLEY HAS A MAGNETIC SLOPE

 

The valley of stability is shown on the graph below. It is usually assumed that the bottom of the stability valley follows the Z = N line. This is VERY approximate as you may see on the graph below. A better equation is Z = 0.71 N:

Stability_ValleyMoreover, this equation has a physical meaning. Indeed, the 0.71 is the ratio between the neutron (-1.913) and proton (+2.793) magnetic dipoles. This is not by chance: as shown in paragraph 2, it is due to the fact that the magnetic moments equilibrate the electric attraction.  The magnetic moment of the neutron being smaller than that of a proton, it needs more neutrons than protons to equilibrate the electric force.

Nuclear physicists know only the repulsion between protons, ignoring that there is an attraction between a proton and a neutron, a phenomenon discovered by the Greeks two millenaries ago between amber, elektron, and dust. They call "spin" the magnetic interaction, discovered by Magnès,