B. Schaeffer,
retired,
bschaeffer@wanadoo.fr

Nuclear Scattering is electric at low kinetic energy and magnetic at high kinetic energy.

The electric and magnetic forces were discovered qualitatively 2 millenaries ago by Thales, and quantitatively by Coulomb and Poisson, two centuries ago.


Rutherford discovered the electric scattering with a -2 slope in logarithmic scales.  At high kinetic energies, the not so "anomalous" scattering has a slope -6, magnetic, never noticed before:

Log_log

Generalised Rutherford scattering is electric or magnetic
at low or high kinetic energy.

 

Nuclear Energy is Electromagnetic


Deuteron 2H and  α particule 4He binding energies calculated graphically:

2H_4HeAssuming that the deuteron 2H has one proton with one +e charge and one neutron +e and -e charges, separated by 2a, adjusted to the single horizontal inflection point. The electric attraction is equilibrated statically by the magnetic repulsion, function of the neutron-proton separation distance rnp and the electric 2a charges separation.  As by chance, the binding energies of 2H and 4He coincide with their horizontal inflection points.

 

References:

Electric and Magnetic Coulomb Potentials in the Deuteron
ADVANCED ELECTROMAGNETICS,
Vol. 2, No. 1, September 2013, p. 69.


Anomalous Rutherford Scattering Solved Magnetically
World Journal of  Nuclear Science and Technology 2016, 6, 96-102